This study will help the investigators design a method to detect the disease-causing immune cells in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Such methods are not currently available, but if successful, would help scientists to better understand the causes of RA.
Intraoperative Neuromonitoring (IONM) is a tool used by neurophysiologists during spine surgery to prevent irreversible damage to the spinal cord during procedures through a system of alerts. This study investigates the effectiveness of IONM in 300 participants receiving spine surgery. The goal of this study is to refine the alert criteria for procedures in which IONM is used.
This study evaluates the addition of dry needling to exercise as part of physical therapy for the treatment of shoulder adhesive capsulitis. There will be two groups. One will receive actual dry needling to the clinically determined shoulder / parascapular trigger points. The other group will receive a sham needle treatment to the clinically determined areas.
The clinical efficacy of hyaluronic acid or corticosteroid injections has been reported, but effects are short lived. This has led to the development of additional injection options such as autologous derived blood products which have been documented to alleviate symptoms related to knee osteoarthritis, with recent comparative studies suggesting a greater, long-lasting effect with these blood derived products like platelet rich plasma (PRP) [2-8]. One clinically-developed preparation of platelet rich plasma, named autologous conditioned plasma (ACP), has randomized controlled trial data proving efficacy [4,9]. Clinical use of platelet ...
Pediatric spinal fusion (PSF) surgery is a painful procedure that can treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). One technique that can potentially reduce patients' pain levels and need for opioid medication is the ultrasound-guided Erector Spinae Plane Block (ESPB). The ESP block is a technique that involves injecting an anesthetic medication into the muscles of the lower back on both sides of the spine. Previous studies have shown that ESPB application led to a reduction in opioid use, and there is one pediatric case report of ESPB use in two patients undergoing PSF. However, there is still lack of evidence that the ESPB ...
A comparison of outcomes between use of oral tranexamic acid as compared to oral placebo in the first days after total knee replacement will be made to determine impact on clinical indications and patient reported outcomes.
The purpose of this study is post-market, patient outcome research to evaluate medical device safety and effectiveness. The data collected will assess the safety of the FLXfit 15TM (studydevice) system.
The objective of this study is twofold: First, to determine whether higher levels of pre-operative psychological distress predict worse outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair; second, to obtain functional outcomes (VAS pain, VAS satisfaction, VAS function, Simple Shoulder Test (SST) and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Score), physically examine and perform a radiographic analysis of patients at a minimum of 6 months after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty, total shoulder arthroplasty, arthroscopic scapulothoracic bursectomy, acromioclavicular joint reconstruction and arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.
The investigators primary objective is to identify genetic factors that may increase the risk of patients developing a periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The investigators hope that by identifying genetic predispositions we will be able to provide patient specific care pathways to prevent or minimize the risk for PJI.
Patients harboring dolichoectactic vertebrobasilar (DVB) aneurysms are at risk of suffering SAH, ischemic stroke, and/or brainstem compression and many patients are not offered invasive treatment due to the futility of existing surgical methods. Consequently, there is demand for development of medical therapy for DVB aneurysms