Studies have demonstrated that early rehabilitation interventions following knee arthroplasty (TKA) can shorten the time needed to regain baseline extension/full extension and gait mechanics. As telehealth visits and home-based rehabilitation increases with advancements in technology, much of this rehabilitation is projected to be performed at home. The purpose of this study is to prospectively evaluate early post-operative knee extension and self-reported outcomes in patients using the Zero Degree Knee positioner (ZDK) compared to subjects not using the ZDK. Patients electing to undergo primary TKA will be recruited into the study and randomized to receive and follow the ZDK protocol post-operatively or standard of care rehabilitation instructions. Knee extension measurements will be recorded at 2 weeks post-op and patient-reported outcome measurements will be recorded pre-operatively and at various post-op timepoints.
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms
An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.
An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.
Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.
|Eligible Ages||40 Years - 80 Years|
This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.
Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.
Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.
Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.
Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.
The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.
The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.
|Principal Investigator Affiliation||N/A|
Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.
|Overall Status||Enrolling by invitation|
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) remains one of the most commonly performed elective surgical procedures in the United States. The number of TKAs performed annually has increased steadily since 2005 and is projected to be more than 3 million procedures annually by 2030. This steady growth may be attributed to the increasing geriatric population which is expected to represent 17% of the world's population by 2050. TKA aims to reduce pain and restore motion from those with knee complications, and with the geriatric population continuing to rise, TKA procedures are projected to grow over the next decade and beyond. Historically, one of the major concerns following TKA is joint stiffness and subsequent range of motion loss. Range of motion loss, or more specifically, the inability to regain full extension (flexion contracture) have a relatively high occurrence and may lead to gait abnormalities and associated complications of the hips and low back. Early rehabilitation interventions following TKA may shorten the time needed to regain baseline extension/full extension and gait mechanics which not only is this beneficial for patient reported outcomes, but early rehabilitation interventions may reduce the economic burden associated with TKA recovery. In-home or virtual physical therapy (PT) has also helped offload the economic burden to patients following TKA comparted to traditional in-clinic physical therapy. More importantly, the rise in in-home/virtual PT has not compromised patient outcomes, rather, it has improved them. In-home/virtual PT has reported improvements in total cost of therapy, compliance with unsupervised therapy, and hospital readmission rates. Patient positioning has always played a vital role in the effectiveness of postoperative therapy. Historically, a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine was the standard for initiating ROM exercises, however, this modality has fallen out of favor due to the inconsistency of patient position and appropriate fitting of the device. The Zero Degree Knee (ZDK) positioning device is a knee extension pillow designed to simplify knee extension exercise following TKA surgery. Following knee surgery, the patient often experiences postoperative surgical pain which may lead to apprehension to physical therapy and engaging knee musculature. This apprehension may lead to joint stiffness and ultimately, ROM loss. The ZDK is a pillow that elevates the lower extremity and allows gravity to pull the knee passively and gently into an extended position. Additionally, the ZDK has a sliding capability that allows a patient to work on knee extension exercises along with knee flexion exercises. In this study, the investigators aim to prospectively evaluate early post-operative knee extension and self-reported outcomes in patients using the Zero Degree Knee positioner. Patients electing to undergo primary TKA will be recruited into the study and randomized to receive and follow the ZDK protocol post-operatively or standard of care rehabilitation instructions. Knee extension measurements will be recorded at 2 weeks post-op and patient-reported outcome measurements will be recorded pre-operatively and at various post-op timepoints.
No Intervention: Standard of Care
Patients will receive standard of care instructions rehabilitation instructions following total knee replacement.
Experimental: Zero Degree Knee
Patients will receive the Zero Degree Knee device and instructions for use following total knee replacement.
Device: - Zero Degree Knee Positioner
The Zero Degree Knee (ZDK) positioning device is a knee extension pillow designed to simplify knee extension exercise following TKA surgery.
If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.
Prisma Health - Midlands
Columbia, South Carolina, 29203