Virtual Reality After Pediatric Scoliosis Surgery

Study Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of virtual reality after scoliosis surgery in pediatric patients.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 11 Years - 17 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Subjects age 11 - 17 years of age - Patients undergoing idiopathic scoliosis surgery on Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) spine protocol (which includes postoperative PCA)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patient/caregiver refusal - Patients with developmental delay - Patients with seizure disorder - Non-English-speaking patients - Patients with daily opioid use >/= two weeks - Patients with uncorrected visual or hearing impairment - Patients admitted to pediatric intensive care unit on postoperative day #1

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Marley B Lawrence, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Scoliosis Idiopathic, Pain, Postoperative
Additional Details

Purpose: To evaluate postoperative pain scores and postoperative opioid use in pediatric idiopathic scoliosis surgical patients using virtual reality (VR) as a method of immersive distraction compared with standard electronic use postoperatively. Participants: Patients age 11-17 undergoing idiopathic scoliosis surgery on Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) spine protocol at our institution. Procedures (methods): Participants will be randomized to intervention arm (VR) or control arm (iPad). Baseline pain and anxiety scores will be assessed. On postoperative day 1, each patient will receive a visit by the research assistant who will assess pain scores, PCA use, etc. The intervention group will be offered a VR device for up to 30 minutes. The control group will be offered an iPad for up to 30 minutes. This visit will be performed twice on postoperative day 1. Follow up survey will be conducted at 48-72 hours and 7-10 days postoperatively.

Arms & Interventions


Experimental: Virtual reality device

Participants will be offered a virtual reality (VR) device for up to 30 minutes for two separate sessions on postoperative day 1. The device will be pre-loaded with a variety of vetted and screened age-appropriate games.

Active Comparator: iPad device

Participants will be offered an iPad device for up to 30 minutes for two separate sessions on postoperative day 1. The device will be pre-loaded with a variety of vetted and screened age-appropriate games.


Device: - Applied VR

The Applied VR device is a lightweight mobile virtual reality headset with embedded software, creating an immersive experience. The Applied VR is specifically designed for medical use.

Device: - Apple iPad

The Apple iPad is a tablet device controlled by touch screen with a variety of games and applications.

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Chapel Hill, North Carolina



University of North Carolina (UNC) Hospitals

Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 27599

Site Contact

Marley B Lawrence, MD

[email protected]