Acupuncture for Low-Dose Opioid TKA

Study Purpose

The majority of patients undergoing total knee replacement rely on opioids for postoperative analgesia. These medications have undesirable side effects and potential for abuse and addiction. The aim of this cohort study is to determine the incidence rate of patients who are able to maintain a low dose opioid regimen after TKR with the use of a multimodal approach that includes intraoperative auricular acupuncture protocol.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 18 Years - 70 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- ASA of 1 or 2 - Age 18-70 - Undergoing primary total knee replacement - Desire to attempt a low opioid or opioid free pathway

Exclusion Criteria:

- NonEnglish speaking - Patients with the inability to understand or follow study protocol - Opioid use in the last 6 weeks or chronic pain patient - Cannot receive neuraxial anesthesia and/or peripheral nerve block - Patients with contraindications to intraop protocol (e.g., patient cannot take acetaminophen or ketorolac due to liver or kidney disease) - Patients with implanted cardiac device such as a pacemaker or AICD - Active ear infection - Nonnative ear, previous scarring or surgical manipulation of ear - Patients with gauges or other deforming ear piercing (small nondeforming ear piercings are ok) present in ears - Allergy to nickel

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04084288
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

N/A
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

N/A
Principal Investigator Affiliation N/A
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Other
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Knee Osteoarthritis, Pain, Postoperative, Acupuncture
Arms & Interventions

Arms

Experimental: Postoperative Acupuncture

Neuraxial anesthesia (spinal or combined spinal epidural (CSE) with up to 4cc mepivacaine 1.5%) and 2 blocks for postoperative pain (IPACK and adductor canal peripheral nerve blocks). Sedation will be provided. Tranexemic acid (TXA) will be dosed per surgeon request. A certified medical acupuncturist will perform ipsilateral Auricular Trauma Protocol (ATP) acupuncture at eight ear points (Hypothalamus, Amygdala, Hippocampus, Prefrontal Cortex, Point Zero, Shen Men, Insula, Vagus) with 30Hz electrostimulation at two of those points (Shen Men and Hypothalamus). Acupuncture needles will be left in place and stimulated for 60 min and then removed. If an epidural is placed, it may be redosed with lidocaine as needed (up to 100mg total) and will be removed prior to transfer to the recovery room. A periarticular injection (PAI) will be placed by the surgeon during the surgery (timing at the discretion of the surgeon)

Interventions

Other: - Acupuncture

Ipsilateral Auricular Trauma Protocol (ATP) acupuncture at eight ear points (Hypothalamus, Amygdala, Hippocampus, Prefrontal Cortex, Point Zero, Shen Men, Insula, Vagus) with 30Hz electrostimulation at two of those points (Shen Men and Hypothalamus). Acupuncture needles will be left in place and stimulated for 60 min and then removed

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York

Status

Recruiting

Address

Hospital for Special Surgery

New York, New York, 10021

Site Contact

George Birch, BS

[email protected]

212-773-7377