Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Gold Standard for Blood Loss

Study Purpose

The purpose of this study is to establish a benchmark for measuring blood loss by directly measuring the change in red cell volume before and after surgery and to compare established blood loss estimators to this benchmark in order to determine the most accurate and precise method for estimating blood loss in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery patients

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 10 Years - 17 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Ages 10-17 years old.
  • - Surgery scheduled for posterior spinal fusion correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Congenital or neuromuscular scoliosis.
- Known coagulopathy or platelet dysfunction

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Emory University
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Nicholas Fletcher
Principal Investigator Affiliation Emory University
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
Additional Details

Bleeding is a necessary and unavoidable part of spine surgery. It is important to the surgeons and anesthesiologists to know how much blood a patient has lost during surgery in order to care for them in the best way possible. Different methodology has been employed to estimate how much blood is lost during surgery, but unfortunately none of the methods used have been reliable. The study will calculate surgical blood loss by determining perioperative change in red cell volume that is directly measured by using a special method that relies on radioisotope I-131-labeled albumin administration (BVA-100) during the surgery. This benchmarked blood loss estimate will then be compared to estimates calculated using the Gross equation, the Bourke and Smith equation, and the Camarasa formula. In addition, blood loss will be estimated volumetrically by utilizing formulas based on the amount of salvaged blood produced by an intraoperative salvaging system (Cell SaverĀ®). Blood loss estimates based on salvaged blood volume will also be compared to the benchmark.

Arms & Interventions


Other: Blood volume assessment with Blood Volume Analyzer

Injections of 1 mL of I-131-labeled serum albumin based on each patient's height and weight - 1 pre-surgical and 1 post-surgical


Other: - Radioisotope I-131-labeled albumin

1 mL of radioisotope I-131-labeled albumin x 2

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Atlanta, Georgia




Children's Healthcare of Atlanta - Egleston Hospital

Atlanta, Georgia, 30322

Site Contact

Nicholas Fletcher

[email protected]