Validation of Consumer Activity Monitors in Postoperative Total Arthroplasty Patients

Study Purpose

Mobilization and rehabilitation are essential components of a successful functional recovery following total hip and knee arthroplasties. Currently, we have no good measure of how mobile patients are after their surgery. Recent technological advances in personal activity monitors, such as the Fitbit, might provide medical providers and patients the opportunity to more objectively monitor their postoperative mobility and recovery course. However, these consumer activity monitors have yet to be validated in terms of their accuracy and utility for monitoring mobility in the immediate postoperative setting in arthroplasty patients. Our goal is to validate one of the most popular consumer activity monitors, the Fitbit Zip, in the postoperative total joint arthroplasty patient population.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty - ASA class I-IV - expected to ambulate with PT on postoperative day 1 or 2 - no history of chronic opioid or alcohol use - no history of delirium - ability to read and understand English - patient agreement

Exclusion Criteria:

- patient refusal, - bilateral arthroplasty patients, - patients who are non- ambulatory preoperatively (e.g. wheelchair bound), - patients who are not expected to ambulate with PT either due to intraoperative or postoperative complications, - patients with contact precautions

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


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Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Benaroya Research Institute
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Principal Investigator Affiliation N/A
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Arthropathy of Knee, Arthritis Knee, Arthritis, Degenerative
Additional Details

Early mobilization following total hip and knee arthroplasty surgeries is important in decreasing the risk of complications such as deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, pneumonia, and urinary retention. It is also generally accepted that early mobilization may help prevent late complications such as joint stiffness or arthrofibrosis. Aside from these complications, patient satisfaction and length of hospital stay both seem to be correlated with early mobilization with poor mobility negatively impacting both outcomes. Therefore, it is important for clinicians to ensure that patients are adequately mobilizing in the immediate postoperative period to promote a successful recovery after total hip or knee arthroplasty. Consumer activity monitors are generally manufactured to be used in a relatively healthy, ambulatory population. Their accuracy has been validated in multiple studies in healthy subjects in a variety controlled settings. Based on these validity studies, it is clear that some of these consumer activity monitors have worse accuracy in certain situations, such as slower-paced walking or in people using assistive devices for ambulation, such as canes. The limitations of these devices in these settings could be problematic for monitoring post-arthroplasty patients since all these patients ambulate slowly, with an altered gait, and with a walker. No studies to date have looked at the accuracy of consumer activity monitors in the immediate postoperative arthroplasty population. The consumer activity monitor market is rapidly evolving and changing, so much so that monitors used just last year might be obsolete this year. Therefore, rather than examining the accuracy of one device versus another, it is more applicable to determine what location is most accurate for placement of these monitors to help providers counsel patients on proper use postoperatively. Our goal for this study is to validate and to determine the best location for placement of the Fitbit Zip in the postoperative total joint arthroplasty patient population.

Arms & Interventions


: Fitbit


Other: - Fitbit

Fitbit use during physical therapy session

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington




Virginia Mason Medical Center

Seattle, Washington, 98101

Site Contact

David B Auyong, MD

[email protected]