Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms
An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.
An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.
Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.
|Eligible Ages||18 Years - 80 Years|
This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.
Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.
Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.
Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.
Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.
The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.
|Hospital for Special Surgery, New York|
The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.
|Robert Spiera, MD|
|Principal Investigator Affiliation||Hospital for Special Surgery, New York|
Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
The specific objectives of this study are to: 1. Determine whether rituximab/belimumab/mmf is safe and tolerable in the treatment of patients with early diffuse cutaneous (dc)SSc when compared to patients treated with placebo/placebo/mmf, as assessed by comparison of adverse and serious adverse effects. In this study stand of care will be protocolized as mycophenolate mofetil. 2. Determine whether rituximab/belimumab/mmf is more effective than placebo/placebo/mmf, as measured by change in CRISS, which is a composite outcome measure provisionally endorsed by the ACR for scleroderma clinical trials. It incorporates change in the mRSS, FVC percent predicted, physician and patient global assessments, and HAQ-DI. Additionally, hemoglobin corrected diffusion capacity (DLCO), Medsger Severity Scale (MSS), and by other physician and patient derived outcome measures will be used. 3. Determine the biological activity of rituximab/belimumab/mmf vs.#46;placebo/placebo/mmf as assessed by effect on histology of skin, gene expression of skin and blood, change in B-Cell profiles including assessment of B regulatory cells, and effect on serological and cutaneous biomarkers of disease activity.
Experimental: MMF + Rituximab + Belimumab
Two infusions of 1000 mg of Rituximab, two weeks apart, weekly subcutaneous injections of 200 mg of Belimumab, and background MMF, 1000 -1500 mg twice daily for 48 weeks.
Placebo Comparator: MMF + Placebo + Placebo
Two placebo infusions of normal saline, two weeks apart, weekly saline placebo subcutaneous injections, and background MMF, 1000 -1500 mg twice daily for 48 weeks.
Drug: - Belimumab
Belimumab decreases B-Cell survival and has been FDA approved for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, another rheumatic autoimmune disease. Belimumab is a recombinant, fully human monoclonal antibody; it binds to the soluble human B lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS) with high affinity and inhibits its biologic activity. The background above provides a robust rationale for the investigation of belimumab in the treatment of dcSSc.
Drug: - Rituximab
Rituxan® (rituximab) is a genetically engineered IgG1 kappa chimeric murine/human monoclonal antibody containing murine light- and heavy-chain variable region sequences and human constant region sequences. The antibody reacts specifically with the CD20 antigen found on the surface of malignant and normal B cells, and established B cell lines. Studies have shown that rituximab binds via its Fc domain to human complement and lyses lymphoid B cell lines by complement dependent cytotoxicity through the induction of apoptosis and via antibody-dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity. Rituximab is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat some types of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and vasculitis.
Other: - Placebo Subcutaneous Injection
Other: - Placebo Infusion
Drug: - MMF
MMF belongs to a group of medicines known as immunosuppressive agents. It is used with other medicines to lower the body's natural immunity.
If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.