Walking Gait Biomechanics Following Knee Joint Effusion

Study Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the sensitivity of a wearable sensor to detect changes in knee joint loading using an experimental knee joint effusion as a model for a common clinical physiological alteration in joint status. The rationale for this project is that it will establish the efficacy of an inexpensive, clinically, and publicly available device that can detect changes in biomechanical loading due to acute physiologic change in joint status. The study will utilize a cross-sectional cohort study design and will seek to enroll 25 male and female healthy adult participants (18-35 yo). Participants will report to the laboratory for three total sessions (Session 1: informed consent and task familiarization; Session 2: testing; Session 3: knee joint status assessment). The primary outcomes of interest include lower extremity thigh and shank acceleration and velocity data (wearable sensor data), lower extermity 3D kinematics and kinetics (motion capture data), and lower extremity muscle function (EMG data) during walking gait, as well as functional balance and patient-reported subjective outcomes. Data will be analyzed by calculating change scores from the pre- to post-experimental effusion outcome measure testing. Paired-samples t-tests and Cohen's d effect sizes will be used to assess changed in wearable sensor data from pre- to post-experimental effusion. Correlation statistics will be used to determine if there are association between the motion capture and wearable sensor data. The potential risks associated with an experimental joint effusion will be addressed by maintaining appropriate sterile conditions and having the participant check-in with the PI (licensed healthcare provider) at 48 hours following testing session.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 18 Years - 35 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Male and female - Chronological age 18-35 at the time of study participation - Physically active (at least 30 minutes of physical activity, 3x/week) - Tegner Activity Scale score at least 5/10

    Exclusion Criteria:

    - History of lower extremity or lumbar spine surgery.
  • - History of lower extremity or lumbar spine injury in the prior 6 months.
  • - History of major ligamentous damage.
  • - Current knee pain.
  • - Known neurological condition, autoimmune condition, cardiovascular disease.
  • - History of epilepsy, seizures, concussion within the prior 6 months.
  • - Currently taking pain altering medication.
- Fear of needles - Unable to read and understand English language - Pregnancy

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Duke University
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Principal Investigator Affiliation N/A
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Knee Injuries, Knee Osteoarthritis
Arms & Interventions


Experimental: Knee Joint Effusion

Participants will receive a one-time injection of 60mL of sterile saline into the suprapatellar space of the dominant lower extremity. This injection will be conducted under ultrasound guidance by a board-certified orthopedic surgeon.


Other: - Knee Joint Effusion

60mL saline injection into the supra-patellar region of the knee

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Durham, North Carolina




Michael W. Krzyzewski Human Performance Laboratory

Durham, North Carolina, 27705

Site Contact

Laura S Pietrosimone, PT, DPT, PhD

[email protected]