Virtual Reality for Power Wheelchair Training

Study Purpose

The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of VRSim 3.0 on power wheelchair (PWC) driving skills and to obtain qualitative feedback from users on the design of the virtual reality (VR) simulator to inform device development.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 14 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Volunteers must be 14 years or older.
  • - Volunteers must have a disability that prevents them from effectively and independently using a manual wheelchair, power assist wheelchair, or scooter.
  • - Volunteers must be able to communicate in English, follow simple commands, and give written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Volunteers with active seizures.
  • - Volunteers who have active pelvic or thigh wounds.
  • - Volunteers who require a test wheelchair but who exceed the weight capacity of the test wheelchair (>300 lbs).
  • - Volunteers who require a test wheelchair but also require specialized seating that cannot be replicated for the training.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Brad E Dicianno, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation University of Pittsburgh
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Spinal Diseases
Additional Details

A virtual reality platform may lead to better training of people with complex disabilities who desire to be power wheelchair users and thus allow them to benefit from living a more active life. A virtual reality training program could significantly impact the lives of people with disabilities by improving function, reducing abandonment of power wheelchairs, and reducing morbidity and mortality and associated costs occurring from power wheelchair accidents. This new virtual reality training program will reflect improvements in accessibility, customization, simulator sickness, ease of use, and will have report generating capabilities as compared to previous virtual reality training platforms. The investigators expect that virtual reality training will be a superior alternative to standard in-person wheelchair training.

Contact a Trial Team

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Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania




Human Engineering Research Laboratories

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15206

Site Contact

Brad E Dicianno, MD


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