Tranexamic Acid in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery

Study Purpose

Posterior spinal surgery for adult deformity is associated with high incidence of blood loss and need for blood transfusion and intraoperative blood salvage, with associated increased cost and risk for perioperative complications. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is relatively inexpensive anti-fibrinolytic agent that has been proven effective for decreasing intraoperative blood loss in various surgical specialties. Intravenous TXA (ivTXA) is routinely used at our institution for adult spinal deformity cases. Meanwhile, topical TXA (tTXA) is an attractive alternative/adjunct to ivTXA used with good results in orthopedic arthroplasty and cardiac surgery. To the investigators' knowledge, no data exists in the literature on the use of tTXA in either adult or pediatric spinal deformity surgery. The goal of this study is to determine the role tTXA has an adjunct to ivTXA in decreasing perioperative blood loss, drainage, transfusion requirements and length of stay following adult deformity spine surgery.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 18 Years - 80 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age 18-80 - Scheduled to undergo posterior long segment ( ≥ 5 levels) posterior spinal fusion for adult scoliosis or degenerative joint diseae - + fusion to pelvis

Exclusion Criteria:

- Surgical factors: - Anterior Approach - Presence or history of dural tear without repair as evidenced by pseudomeningocele on MRI imaging or by intraoperative exploration - Patients donating autologous blood preoperatively Patient factors: - Diagnosis of renal (Cr>1.5 or CrCl <30ml/min) or hepatic insufficiency (AST, ALT 2x upper limit of normal) - Diagnosis of seizure disorder or prior seizure - History of thromboembolic events (CVA, TIA, DVT, PE) if within 1 year of surgery - Hypercoagulability (e.g. antiphospholipid syndrome) - History of coronary artery disease (stent, MI, +stress test) within 1 year of surgery - Atrial fibrillation - Concurrent anticoagulation therapy that cannot be discontinued within 3 days before surgery (Coumadin, plavix, LVX) - Concurrent anticoagulation with ASA 325 that cannot be discontinued 10 days before surgery - Bleeding disorder or abnormal preoperative coagulation profile (as identified by a preoperative platelet count of <100,000/mm3, an international normalized ratio of >1.4, or a prolonged partial thromboplastin time >1.4 times normal) - Preexisting anemia <10 g/dL - Color blindness or disturbance of color vision - Leukemia or active cancer - Religious restrictions on blood transfusion - Pregnancy or women who are lactating/breastfeeding

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT03553186
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 3
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Han Jo Kim, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Department of Spine Surgery
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Other
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Spinal Deformity, Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis, Blood Loss, Surgical
Additional Details

Blood loss is a significant issue in spinal deformity surgery, often requiring allogenic blood transfusion and/or intraoperative blood salvage and leading to increased risk of postoperative morbidity, increased length of stay, and higher total hospital costs. Tranexamic acid is an antifibrinolytic agent that is used in many surgical specialties to prevent perioperative blood loss. Intravenous (ivTXA) dosing has proven effective in reducing blood loss and perioperative transfusion in spinal surgery, while the topical (tTXA) form has been shown to be at least non-inferior to IV transfusion in the total arthroplasty literature. Intravenous TXA is routinely used at the investigators' institution in spinal deformity cases, but even with ivTXA infusion, perioperative blood loss remains a significant issue, with total estimated and calculated blood loss between ~1500-3000 mL. Usage of local tTXA in addition to ivTXA may provide additional benefits including an additive effect on decreasing blood loss, allowing for lowered dosages of ivTXA, decreasing risks associated with systemic exposure. Combination ivTXA and tTXA has shown excellent results in total joint arthroplasty. The objective of this study is to determine the additive benefit and risks of co-administration of the two in spinal deformity surgery. This population of spinal patients was chosen because the estimated blood loss is high and the potential clinical benefit of the intervention is large. Patients will be enrolled if they are undergoing surgery > 5 levels with extension to the pelvis. The investigators have previously utilized topical TXA for these cases by applying operative sponges soaked with solution into the wound during routine x-ray check following instrumentation, with anecdotally good effect. However, this practice has not been prospectively studied. In this prospective, randomized, blinded, placebo controlled study, a similar combined effect of ivTXA and tTXA on decreasing perioperative blood loss as seen in total joint arthroplasty, with a similar safety profile is expected.

Arms & Interventions

Arms

Experimental: ivTXA + topical TXA

TXA lavage solution (200 cc sterile normal saline + 5 g tranexamic acid 100mg/ml (50cc)) will be poured into the surgical field and left in contact for five minutes. This will occur after instrumentation. Excess solution will be suctioned away using a non-cell saver suction. IV txa will be given as (5mg/ml) loading dose (20mg/kg) over 15 minutes followed by 2 mg/kg/hr maintenance dosing as per hospital protocol

Placebo Comparator: IV TXA + topical placebo

Placebo solution (200 cc sterile normal saline + placebo TXA ampule (normal saline) (50cc)) will be poured into the surgical field and left in contact for five minutes. This will occur after pedicle screw instrumentation. Excess solution will be suctioned away using a non-cell saver suction. IV txa will be given as (5mg/ml) loading dose (20mg/kg) over 15 minutes followed by 2mg/kg/hr maintenance dosing as per hospital protocol

Interventions

Drug: - Tranexamic Acid 100 MG/ML

TXA lavage solution (200 cc sterile normal saline + 5 g tranexamic acid 100mg/ml (50cc)) will be poured into the surgical field and left in contact for five minutes. This will occur after instrumentation. Excess solution will be suctioned away using a non-cell saver suction.

Drug: - Placebo

Placebo solution (200 cc sterile normal saline + placebo TXA ampule (50cc)) will be poured into the surgical field and left in contact for five minutes. This will occur after pedicle screw instrumentation. Excess solution will be suctioned away using a non-cell saver suction.

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York

Status

Recruiting

Address

Hospital for Special Surgery

New York, New York, 10021

Site Contact

Evangelia Zgonis

[email protected]

2034647759