Wound Vac Bandage Comparison After Spinal Fusion

Study Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of incisional vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy in the prevention of infection after posterior spinal fusion for pediatric neuromuscular scoliosis, in comparison to a regular gauze bandage.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages N/A - 17 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - any patient 17 years and younger - neuromuscular scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion

    Exclusion Criteria:

    - idiopathic and congenital scoliosis - any type of spine surgery other than posterior spinal fusion (eg.
vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib placement, growing rod placement, anterior spinal fusion) - intraoperative dural tear - documented allergy to adhesive dressings

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

University of Michigan
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Ying G Li, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation University of Michigan
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Neuromuscular Scoliosis
Additional Details

A prospective randomized controlled study: Patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion will be randomized to a standard postoperative dressing versus an incisional VAC dressing. Both groups will have hematocrit, total lymphocyte count, and albumin checked preoperatively to assess nutritional status, drawn at the same time as standard preoperative labs during history and physical visit. Both groups will undergo standard wound closure and dressing application before breaking the sterile field. The incisional VAC group will undergo placement of an Adaptic dressing over the incision. A standard VAC sponge will be placed and secured with adhesive dressing, and a suction tube will be connected to a VAC machine set to 75 mmHg of continuous suction. The incisional VAC will be left in place for 72 hours postoperatively. Remainder of postoperative care will follow our standard posterior spinal fusion protocol and will be identical in both groups. Patients will be followed for a minimum of 2 years postoperatively.

Arms & Interventions


Active Comparator: Incisional Wound Vac

We will attach sponges and a suction tube to the incision after surgery. We will leave it on for 72 hours. From then on, patients will get the care that patients normally get after spinal fusion surgery.

Active Comparator: Normal Gauze Bandage Group

We will cover patients incision with regular gauze bandages. These are the bandages that patients normally get after spinal fusion surgery. They will be left on for 72 hours.


Device: - Incisional Wound Vac

Other: - Standard Bandage

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan




University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109

Site Contact

Michelle Burke, MS

[email protected]