Total Knee Arthroplasty Guidance Systems Study

Study Purpose

In total knee replacement operations, the surgeon uses techniques and instruments to guide the operation and ensure that all parts of the prosthesis (the artificial knee surfaces) are placed into the correct position. There are many techniques a surgeon can use to achieve accuracy in the operation. This study will compare the Principal Investigator's present precision-guided technique and instrumentation methods with a newly developed technique that uses a computer-based stereotactic guidance system. The purposes of the study are: 1.) to learn whether the use of the different guidance systems results in differences of accuracy of the placement of the prosthesis; 2.) to compare the length of time it takes an experienced joint replacement specialist to complete the operation using the different guidance systems; 3.) to learn whether there are advantages of either system in terms of the function and recovery of patients over the first year after surgery; and, 4.) to provide the manufacturer of the stereotactic guidance system with feedback on the technical ease of use and workflow ease of the system which may be used for training and education purposes and/or for planning further refinements to the system. The study will enroll up to 150 patients from Athens Orthopedic Clinic over 2 to 3 years.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 45 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Scheduled to undergo unilateral primary total knee arthroplasty performed by the Principal Investigator at St. Mary's Hospital. 2. Use of Triathlon® CR Total Knee System is indicated. 3. Spinal anesthetic is planned. 4. Age 45 years or greater. 5. Body mass index (BMI) ≤ 40 kg/m2. 6. Patient is willing and able to undergo postoperative follow-up requirements and self evaluations. 7. Patient gives valid informed consent and signs the approved Informed Consent and Protected Health Information Use Authorization forms.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Age < 45 years. 2. BMI > 40 kg/m2. 3. General anesthetic is planned. 4. Patient scheduled for bilateral total knee arthroplasty, or plans to undergo arthroplasty of another lower extremity joint within one year. 5. Prior high tibial osteotomy or previous reconstruction to the affected knee including partial arthroplasty. 6. Neuromuscular disorders, muscular atrophy, or vascular deficiency in the affected limb. 7. Patient is skeletally immature. 8. Active infection or suspected infection in or about the joint. 9. Bone stock that is inadequate to support fixation of the prosthesis. 10. Collateral ligament insufficiency. 11. Blood supply limitations, refusal to receive blood transfusion (e.g., religious objection), or medical condition that predisposes patient to increased risk of blood loss (e.g., hemophilia) 12. Patient is non-ambulatory. 13. Female patient is pregnant or lactating. 14. Patient is incarcerated. 15. Patient is critically ill or medically frail. 16. Patient with mental or neurological conditions who may be incapable of following instructions. 17. Previous history of radiation therapy, or other significant lifetime radiation exposure or contraindication to voluntary medical radiation exposure. 18. Has previously participated in or was previously invited to participate in this study during surgery of the contralateral knee, or was previously invited to participate in the opposite treatment arm during surgery of the same knee. 19. Cannot or does not give valid informed consent

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Ormonde M. Mahoney, MD
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Ormonde M Mahoney, MDTracy L Kinsey, MSPH
Principal Investigator Affiliation Athens Orthopedic Clinic, P.A.Athens Orthopedic Clinic, P.A.
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Enrolling by invitation
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Osteoarthritis, Knee, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
Additional Details

The open-label study aims to enroll up to 75 participants into the conventional guidance arm followed by 75 participants into the stereotactic guidance arm, in sequence. Detailed observational data will be collected during the surgical procedures, and participating patients will be evaluated at prescribed intervals (pre-operatively, and 2,4,6, and 12 months post-operatively) using survey instruments, clinical indicators, and routine radiologic outcomes. Radiologic outcomes will be assessed using standard x-rays that are obtained in the course of normal care for all patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A subset of the first 30 patients enrolled into each treatment arm will, in addition, be asked to voluntarily undergo a computed tomography (CT) scan of the lower extremity (hip, knee, and ankle joints) 8-12 weeks after surgery to measure 3-dimensional accuracy of prosthesis placement and limb alignment. Data collection will include: 1. Demographic and background information (age, sex, height, weight, social (occupation/employment), major comorbidity (broadly classified), smoking) 2. Patient reported outcome measures (Veteran's Rand 12-item Health Survey; 2011 Knee Society Score) 3. Physical Examination (knee range of motion, knee stability) 4. Details of the surgical operation. 5. Operating room workflow details, including skin-to-skin surgical time. 6. Post-operative disposition. 7. Radiologic outcomes. 1. Routine pre- and post-operative radiographs will be reviewed for limb alignment and evidence of prosthesis fixation. 2. Post-operative CT scans (hip, knee, ankle) will be used to evaluate accuracy of placement of the TKA prosthesis (femoral and tibial components) and accuracy of limb alignment in the coronal, sagittal, and axial planes. The values measured from the post-operative CT scan will be compared to those of the final intra-operative plan; lack of difference between the two will constitute 'accuracy'. 8. Adverse events. 9. Patients may optionally participate in an additional clinical follow-up visit at 2 years post-operatively, which will include the patient reported outcome measures, physical, examination, and radiographic examination.

Arms & Interventions


: Conventional guidance

The conventional guidance will undergo TKA surgery with use of the Investigator's usual precision guided technique based on conventional instrumentation (mechanical and simple computer-assisted guidance techniques). For participants of the conventional guidance arm, the Investigator will employ the established technique he currently employs for all routine TKA procedures and would employ if the patient were not a participant in the study.

: Stereotactic guidance

The stereotactic guidance group will undergo their TKA surgery with use of a stereotactic guidance system.


Device: - Stereotactic guidance system

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Athens Orthopedic Clinic, P.A., Athens, Georgia



Athens Orthopedic Clinic, P.A.

Athens, Georgia, 30606