Autologous Culture Expanded Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Knee Osteoarthritis

Study Purpose

The study seeks to determine the safety and feasibility of using adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells to treat symptoms of mild to severe knee osteoarthritis.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 40 Years - 70 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria. 1. Male or female ages 40-70 years.

  • - Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to receiving the study drug and will agree use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method or abstinence) from the time of screening to a period of 1 year following completion of the drug treatment cycle.
Females of childbearing potential are defined as premenopausal and not surgically sterilized, or post-menopausal for fewer than 2 years. A urine pregnancy test will be performed prior to the administration of the study drug to confirm negative results. If the urine pregnancy test is positive, the study drug will not be administered and the result will be confirmed by a serum pregnancy test. Serum pregnancy tests will be performed at a central clinical laboratory, whereas urine pregnancy tests will be performed by qualified personnel using kit.
  • - Females becoming pregnant during the study will continue to be monitored for the duration of the study or completion of the pregnancy, whichever is longer.
Monitoring will include perinatal and neonatal outcome. Any SAEs associated with pregnancy will be recorded. Females in the multiple-dose cohorts (M50 and M100) who become pregnant during the treatment cycle will not receive their remaining injections. 2. Chronic (> 3 months), unilaterally symptomatic, primary femorotibial knee OA. 3. Radiographic medial and/or lateral femorotibial knee OA at least Kellgren-Lawrence grade 2 accompanied by definite joint space narrowing as agreed upon by two study co-investigators. 4. Previous 6 week or longer trial of one of the following conservative treatments: activity modification, weight loss, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications or injection therapy (e.g. cortisone, hyaluronic acid/viscosupplement) 5. Able to routinely walk without assistance (e.g. cane, walker) 6. Clinically stable target knee. 7. No surgery planned in the target knee for at least 12 months following the last injection. 8. Completed general physical evaluation with primary care provider within 12 months of enrollment. 9. Fully understanding of the requirements of the study and willingness to comply with the treatment plan, including fat harvesting, laboratory tests, diagnostic imaging, repeated knee injections/aspirations, arthroscopic examination and follow-up visits and assessments. 10. Can provide written informed consent and complete HIPAA documentation after the nature of the study is fully explained and prior to any study-related procedure. Exclusion Criteria. 1. Pregnant or nursing, or planning on becoming pregnant during the study period. 2. Congenital or acquired malformation of the target knee resulting in significant deformity or leading to problems with the study treatment or analysis of the results. 3. Significant malalignment on full length, standing radiographs. 4. Orthopedic hardware or implantable devices anywhere in the body, other than dental. 5. Surgery on the index knee within 1 year of study enrollment. 6. Injections of any into the index knee within 3 months prior to study enrollment. 7. Locking, catching, give-away or another major mechanical symptoms of the target knee. 8. Symptomatic patellofemoral arthritis or chondromalacia in the index knee. 9. History of intra-articular infection in the index knee. 10. History of superficial infection in the index knee within 6 months of study enrollment, or evidence of current superficial infection affecting the index knee. 11. History of falls requiring medical attention, or gait instability. 12. Clinically significant abnormal hematology (complete blood count with differential), blood chemistry, or urinalysis screening laboratory results, including aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bilirubin, creatinine, and CRP. 13. Body mass index (BMI) > 40 kg/m2. 14. Taking anticoagulant medications (e.g. warfarin, heparin) or clopidogrel (Plavix) 15. Taking herbal therapies or supplements within 4 weeks of enrollment or unwilling to avoid use of herbal therapies or supplements until at least 30 days following completion of the study drug treatment cycle (includes, but not limited to chondroitin sulfate, diacerein, n-glucosamine, piascledine, and capsaicin) 16. Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (e.g. COX-2 inhibitors) without a stable dosing regimen for at least 4 weeks before baseline evaluation, or anticipating not remaining on a stable dose until at least 30 days following completion of the study drug treatment cycle. 17. Use of electrotherapy or acupuncture for OA, unless there is a stable regimen for at least 4 weeks before baseline assessment. 18. Taking anti-rheumatic disease medication (including methotrexate or other antimetabolites) within 3 months prior to study enrollment. 19. On chronic, immunosuppressive transplant therapy or having a chronic, immunosuppressive state, including use of systemic steroids/corticosteroids. 20. Current tobacco product use, including nicotine patch or other nicotine products. 21. Systemic inflammatory, rheumatological or connective tissue disorder including but not limited to rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, system lupus erythematosus, and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. 22. Rheumatological or inflammatory disease of the knee or chondrocalcinosis/calcium pyrophosphate disease (CPPD), hemochromatosis, inflammatory arthritis, arthropathy of the knee associated with juxta-articular Paget's disease of the femur or tibia, ochronosis, hemophilic arthropathy, infectious arthritis, Charcot's knee joint, villonodular synovitis, and synovial chondromatosis. 23. Ongoing infectious disease, including but not limited to tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis, and syphilis. 24. Clinically significant cardiovascular (e.g. history of myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension > 90 mmHg diastolic and/or 180 mmHg systolic), neurologic (e.g. stroke, TIA) renal, hepatic, orthopedic (e.g. surgery on other weight bearing joints that will interfere with study, osteoporosis, acute lower body fractures), or endocrine disease (e.g. diabetes). 25. Vascular or neurological disorder affecting the index either lower limb. 26. History of cancer/malignancy with the exception of adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin not associated with the target knee. 27. History of blood dyscrasia, including but not limited to anemia, thrombocytopenia, and monoclonal gammopathy. 28. Participation in a study of an experimental drug or medical device within 3 months of study enrollment. 29. Known allergy to local anesthetics of other components of the study drug. 30. Any contraindication to MRI scan according to MRI guidelines, or unwillingness to undergo MRI procedures. 31. History of or current evidence of alcohol or drug abuse or dependence, recreational use of illicit drug or prescription medications, or have use of medical marijuana within 30 days of study entry. 32. Any illness or condition which, in the investigators' judgement will interfere with the patient's ability to comply with the protocol, compromise patient safety, or interfere with the interpretation of the study results

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 1
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Jacob L. Sellon, M.D.
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Jacob Sellon, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Mayo Clinic
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Osteoarthritis, Knee
Study Website: View Trial Website
Additional Details

Interventions to alter the natural course of osteoarthritis (OA) in the knee are elusive and joint replacement remains the definitive management for refractory, end-stage disease. The Mayo Clinic has a large, ongoing experience using autologous adipose derived mesenchymal stromal cells (AMSCs) for the treatment of a variety of other diseases under INDs. Thus far, the treatments have been well tolerated. These data along with the investigators' pre-clinical animal studies and published experiences using related approaches lead the investigators to believe that this approach provides a reasonable safety profile to treat patients with refractory painful knee OA. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the safety and feasibility of single and multiple injections of autologous, culture expanded AMSCs in subjects with painful, refractory knee OA. Subjects with unilaterally symptomatic mild to severe knee OA will be enrolled based on satisfaction of inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Arms & Interventions


Experimental: S50

Subjects in the S50 cohort will receive one injection of 50 million AMSCs.

Experimental: S100

Subjects in the S100 cohort will receive one injection of 100 million AMSCs.

Experimental: M50

Subjects in the M50 cohort will receive three injections of 50 million AMSCs at one-month intervals.

Experimental: M100

Subjects in the M100 cohort will receive three injections of 100 million AMSCs at one-month intervals.


Drug: - Autologous Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells

Human, autologous, culture expanded, adipose derived, mesenchymal stromal cells (AMSCs) produced on site in the Mayo Clinic Human Cellular Therapy Laboratory using current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs).

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota




Mayo Clinic in Rochester

Rochester, Minnesota, 55905

Site Contact

Tyson L. Scrabeck

[email protected]