Anakinra in Infants and Children With Coronary Artery Abnormalities in Acute Kawasaki Disease

Study Purpose

Kawasaki disease (KD) is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in the developed world. Despite available treatment, 25% of children in San Diego County appropriately treated for KD develop coronary artery abnormalities that may lead to complications later in life, including heart attack. Although the investigators can identify children with KD that have these coronary artery abnormalities, there is no approved additional treatment to decrease coronary artery inflammation and arrest or prevent damage to the coronary arteries. Anakinra, a therapy that blocks the high levels of interleukin 1 (IL1) that lead to inflammation during acute KD, has been shown in the KD mouse model to prevent the development of coronary artery damage. Therefore, the investigators propose to study the safety and activity of anakinra in infants and children < 2 years old with coronary artery abnormalities from KD.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 1 Month - 17 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Infant or child aged 1 month to 17 years, who meets clinical criteria for KD according to American Heart Association guidelines (Table 2): Fever (T≥38oC or 100.4oC) ≥ 3 days and ≥ 2 clinical criteria with left anterior descending (LAD)/right coronary artery (RCA) Z score ≥ 3.0 or an aneurysm (≥ 1.5 x the adjacent segment) of one of the coronary artery segments 2. Patient presents within the first 20 days after fever onset 3. Parent or legal guardian able and willing to provide informed consent; adolescent or child assent as appropriate 4. Post-menarchal females: Negative pregnancy test at screening and willing to use two forms of contraception during the study 5. Males engaging in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy willing to use a condom.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Use of an IL-1 antagonist within the 3 months prior to enrollment 2. History of chronic disease, except asthma, atopic dermatitis, autism or controlled seizure disorder 3. History of hypersensitivity to anakinra 4. History of tuberculosis (TB) or TB exposure

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT02179853
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 1/Phase 2
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

University of California, San Diego
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Adriana H Tremoulet, MDJane C Burns, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation UCSDUCSD
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

OtherOtherOther
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Kawasaki Disease

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Rady Children's Hospital San Diego, San Diego, California

Status

Recruiting

Address

Rady Children's Hospital San Diego

San Diego, California, 92191

Site Contact

Adriana H Tremoulet, MD, MAS

atremoulet@ucsd.edu

858-246-0012

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